Only one of the rivers from the Andes mountains reaches the ocean through the desert. The Atacama Desert (Spanish: Desierto de Atacama) is a plateau in South America, covering a 1,000-kilometre (600 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes mountains. The definition of an UNESCO World Heritage Site: A World Heritage Site is …, Continue reading “Find Six UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Chile”, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}One of the greatest mistakes people make when planning Patagonia tours is not budgeting enough time to savor the region’s immense, breathtaking landscape, diverse wildlife population, and bountiful outdoor adventures. It receives less than 1mm of rainfall per year and some parts of the desert have no recorded rainfall at all. Evidence suggests that the Atacama Desert may not have had any significant rainfall from 1570 to 1971. Presence of Snow – Despite this being the driest desert in the world and the high temperatures during the day, the high peaks present are topped with snow. 11. The Atacama is also a testing site for the NASA-funded Earth-Mars Cave Detection Program. 7. Urban. Heads up! Chinchorro Mummies – The oldest artificially mummified human remains have been found in the Atacama Desert. 5. The Atacama Desert forms one of the major hyper-arid deserts of the world and it is known to be the driest place on Earth. Fill in a few brief questions here to start planning your trip of a lifetime, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}Patagonia is one of the earth’s greatest treasures. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website. The desert didn’t receive proper rainfall from 1570 to 1971. A chilla in Pan de Azucar National Park in the coast of Atacama Desert. We are sure, you will be surprised. 6. About Atacama. Interesting Facts for Kids 5:-Atacama Desert Rainfall Facts The Atacama Desert is in actually fact one of the driest place on earth as it receives just 15 millimeters (0.6 inches) of rainfall in a year. Au contraire on trouve ici une biodiversité exceptionnelle qui a su s’adapter à la chaleur, au froid ainsi qu’à la sécheresse. At last Chile won. Atacama Desert Facts: 16-20. Topics: South America, Desert, Rain shadow Pages: 5 (1224 words) Published: April 15, 2014. Largest Supply of Sodium Nitrate in the World – This region is the largest natural supply of Sodium Nitrate, which can be used for producing fertilizers and explosives amongst other things. So be a part of Atacama’s Desert memory. The animals which are seen here are seagulls, Humboldt penguins, pelicans (near the coast) and foxes, deer, llamas and mice. Today, on the floors of the desiccated lakes, borax, natural salt, and nitrate deposits are mined. To collect drinking water, residents of the Atacama region use “fog hunters” – cylinders with nylon walls. Animal life is very rare in this desert, though there are a few insects and lizards to be found. Atacama Desert is a desert situated on a plateau surrounding an area of 1,000 kilometres or 600 miles. 9. The region is rich in Copper and Sodium Nitrate. One of the driest places in the world can be found in the western part of South America, and in this post, you’ll discover the ultimate list of facts about the Atacama Desert! Some weather stations in the Atacama have never received rain. At the end of the war Chile took control of the entire region. To understand what that really means let’s take as an example the Sahara desert (the worlds largest hot desert) … In more recent years, the desert has become the home of the largest ground telescope in the world, ALMA, where studies of the formation of stars are conducted with the help of the images captured by the 66 radio telescopes. The Atacama Desert in Chile is full of things to do and natural wonders to explore, but you cannot visit the Atacama Desert without visiting its crown jewel. The oldest mummies are seen here and not in Egypt. 8. Though its mornings are scorching, though it being the driest desert in the world, its high peaks are capped with snow. Atacama Desert, Spanish Desierto de Atacama, cool, arid region in northern Chile, 600 to 700 miles (1,000 to 1,100 km) long from north to south. 16. The oldest mummies are seen here and not in Egypt. For information about our privacy practices, click here. It is present in South America and is spread out in Chile and Peru. In fact, it is so dry that some weather stations in the desert have never recorded a single drop of rain. The Atacama Desert, in particular, is special for another reason as well - parts of its environment have been compared to that of the environment on the planet Mars, which is why scientists have been so interested in studying its unique landscape. Marketing Permissions Please select all the ways you would like to hear from Quasar Expeditions: You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in the footer of our emails. 5 Ancient Indian Inventions – ‘West’ Says They Did It – LOL! There are some areas in this desert which doesn’t receive rainfall at all. 12. Sodium nitrate is used in making explosives, fertilizers etc. Facts about Atacama Desert. Despite being the driest place on earth, Atacama desert receives 36,000 tourists every year. Composed in major part of stony terrain, salt lakes, sand and felsic; it never rains. One such device can provide more than fifteen liters of water per day. Nov 19, 2014 - Atacama Desert is the driest desert and place on earth. It is present on the west coast of pacific and it lies to the west of Andes mountains. To put this into perspective, the earliest mummy that has been found in Egypt dated around 3000 BC, while the oldest mummy recovered from the Atacama Desert is dated around 7020 BC. Facts about Atacama Desert tell you about the rainless plateau located in Chile. NASA reports that it takes the record as the driest desert in the world. 1. Atacama Desert Flora. It falls in the rain shadow of Chilean Coastal Range. It is used to study how stars are formed is being studied with the help of 66 radio telescopes. 6. Adding to this, it falls on the Tropic of Capricorn. It’s located in the western part of South America and covers a strip of land with a length of about 1,600 kilometers (990 miles) and a total area of 104,741 square kilometers (40,441 square miles). Geographically, the aridity of the Atacama is explained by it being situated between two mountain chains (the Andes and the Chilean Coast Range) of sufficient height to prevent moisture advection from either the Pacific or the Atlantic Oceans, a two-sided rain shadow. For the lover of the beautiful scenic places we present some very interesting facts about Atacama desert. Mining of this mineral, also called Chile saltpeter, was at a boom in the 1940s and many abandoned mining towns may be spotted and visited in the desert. The desert is located in 2 South American countries The Atacama Desert is a desert … More It mostly contains felsic lava (lava which contains feldspar and quartz igneous rocks), sand, salt lakes and its terrain is stony. It was one of the world’s largest suppliers of Sodium Nitrate in the 1940s. 10. The Valle de la Luna (or ), known for its lunar landscapes and rock formations, is one of the best things to do in the Atacama Desert. These mummies predate the Egyptian mummies by thousands of years, and the extreme lack of moisture helps in the preservation of these samples. The reason for their better preservation is lack of moisture. Le désert d’Atacama est un lieu exceptionnel: les conditions climatiques pourtant hostiles ne réussissent pas pour autant à soustraire ses droits à la nature. 9. © 2020 | Facts Legend | A Unit of Akṣa Ventures. 2. The foxes sometimes go near human habitations in search of food such as chickens and sheep, but tend to avoid areas visited by dogs. Once our new domain is ready and the articles are published, we will formally launch the new site. Atacama desert provides some of the best spots in the world for stargazing. The Atacama Desert (Spanish: Desierto de Atacama) is a desert plateau in South America covering a 1,600 km (990 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes Mountains. 6 Interesting facts about Atacama desert. You can rent a telescope, or photographic equipment from local tour operators. However, the Atacama Desert in northern Chile is the driest in the world. The Atacama Desert is the driest nonpolar desert in the world, as well as the only true desert to receive less precipitation than the polar deserts and the largest fog desert in the world. 17. Historical evidences show that Atacamenian ruled this place during pre-Hispanic times and a pan American highway runs through Atacama Desert. Mon - Fri 9am - 6:30pm PST, Get Insider Secrets, Travel Tips, Exclusive Offers & More…, thank you for signing up to our mailing list tell us a little bit more about yourself, CONTACT FORM - WE’LL BE HAPPY TO HEAR FROM YOU, “To The Ends of the Earth… and Away From Screens”, “Find Six UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Chile”, “4 Reasons to Extend Your Trip to Patagonia”, “5 Food Dishes When Visiting Patagonia, South America”, To The Ends of the Earth… and Away From Screens, Find Six UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Chile, 4 Reasons to Extend Your Trip to Patagonia, 5 Food Dishes When Visiting Patagonia, South America. Includes coastal desert of Taltal and cacti of the interior mountains of Chile. The Atacama has also been used as a location for filming Mars scenes, most notably in the television series Space Odyssey: Voyage to the Planets. Chile has complete control over Atacama Desert. 15. The Sahara desert can be regarded as the largest desert in the world. The Atacama Desert is so dry that there are very few bacterias which survive. Periods of up to four years have been registered with no rainfall in the central sector, delimited by the cities of Antofagasta, Calama and Copiapó, in Chile. It is considered as the driest desert in the world. Sensing NASA? Featuring robust wildlife, gorgeously ever-changing skies, and some of the most stunning landscapes anywhere on earth, this massive area at the southern tip of South America has been captivating the imaginations of adventurers for generations. The largest ground telescope in the world, ALMA is located there. Considered the driest desert of the world, the Atacama expands along a series of elongated, flat-bottomed basins, the remnants of shallow lakes of Quaternary Age. Sterile Ground – Both the Andes Mountains and the Chilean Costal Range, which surround this desert, create a blockage of moisture, making the Atacama Desert a kind of death zone for vegetation, depriving the land of water and nutrients. I’d like this website better if it had more information;like if it said how much space it takes of earth or something along those lines!!!!!!! The Atacama Desert in Chile (in Spanish: Desierto de Atacama) is a plateau covering 1,000 km in N-S direction from Peru’s southern border into Chile in South America.The desert is narrow and elongated with a width of only 100 km. image: lifeunderyourfeet.org. By using our website, you agree to the cookie and privacy policy of Facts Legend. Atacama Desert. However, these mummies are artificial and they existed earlier than Egyptian mummies. The rest disappear into the dry soil. Atacama mummies are older than Egyptian mummies! The driest desert on Earth. The oldest Atacama Desert mummy can be dated back to 7020 BCE whereas the Egyptian mummy is just 3000 BCE old. Furthermore, the driest areas of Atacama Desert receive between 1 mm and 3mm or 0.4 inches and 0.12 inches of rainfall. 12. 4. The Atacama Desert: Facts and Features . Join an astronomical tour, head out with a guide, or stargaze on your own if you already know your way around the Milky Way. This is a concise sample of the most common flowering plants of Chile’s Atacama Desert. At Quasar Expeditions, we offer awe-inspiring journeys across this untamed land via …, Continue reading “To The Ends of the Earth… and Away From Screens”, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}Some of the best UNESCO sites in the world can be discovered in beautiful Patagonia — Chile alone claims six of the fascinating features. 18. 8. But it is believed that a part of Peru is included in Atacama Desert. Great summary of a very special place at an appropriate level for my Earth Science students at Santa Fe College in Gainesville, Florida. Here’s all you need to know to visit the Valle de la Luna in the Atacama Desert Chile. We will get there. The Atacama Desert covers a total area of 40,541 sq. The Atacama Desert flowering can be seen from September to November in years with sufficient precipitation. 14. Its limits are not exactly determined, but it lies mainly between the south bend of the Loa River and the mountains separating the Salado-Copiapó drainage basins. Atacama desert Peru is considered to be the driest place on Earth and is classified as a hot desert. The cloudless sky glows bright with moon and shiny stars. Atacama is known as the driest place on Earth. According to the studies conducted by NASA, it is understood that it doesn’t receive rainfall more than 1mm per year. The South American gray fox is a largely solitary animal that has long been hunted for its pelt. The Atacama Desert is a desert. This move aims to create a separate website that is not related to studies and provides only interesting stuff! Thank you Tasha for the information; would love to visit and use the time left after TdP O circuit. Most of the desert is composed of stony terrain, salt lakes (salares), sand, and felsic lava that flows towards the Andes. It is the largest supplier of sodium nitrate in the world. These animals include: BIRDS- are probably the largest of all groups in the Atacama, some animals include: * Humboldt penguins- live here all year round. Three cacti are endemic to the northern part of the Atacama Desert; they are Eulychnia iquiquensis, Neoporteria sensu, and Copiapoa. In so vacant a landscape as the Atacama, visitors on Chile tours to this desert will be surprised to learn that the region has a tumultuous history dating back thousands of years. NASA and National Geographic both have confirmed this fact. The cloudless sky glows bright with moon and shiny stars. The Atacama Desert is famous for stargazing. Read our full policy. According to estimates the Atacama Desert proper occupies 105,000 square kilometres (41,000 sq mi), or 128,000 square kilometres (49,000 sq mi) if the barren lower slopes of the Andes are included. 13. As a species, humans have been making their imprint on the Atacama Desert since ancient times. See more ideas about Chile travel, Wonders of the world, South america. The desert spans on 600 mile area. In the Atacama desert there are a large amount of animal species that live and breed in the desert. It is one of the few deserts which receive almost no rainfall. With more than 300-day clear sky, no light pollution, high height, it proves as the best place for the study of astronomy. The Atacama Desert (Spanish: Desierto de Atacama) is a plateau in South America, covering a 1,000-kilometre (600 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes mountains. Below, we are sharing 10 Fun Facts about the Atacama Desert. This desert is used as a place for astronomical study. One of the reasons is that its soil and sand conditions are pretty much similar to that of Mars. In the mornings, it will be around 40 degrees Celsius while at night it falls to 4 degrees Celsius. Learn more on the desert here ----> The Atacama Desert Tours. * Andean Flamingos- move about to eat the algae. Over the next few days, you may notice some articles disappearing from the site. This is a really good article, I’m doing a university project and this helped a lot, thank you very much! The reason being the presence of minerals and this area can be mined easily. In stark contrast, some areas of the desert receive plenty of rainfall, which is why its ecosystem is just as diverse as its terrain. Interesting facts about the Atacama Desert 1. The Atacama Desert sits between the Andes and Chilean Coast Range at such a height that prevents moisture reaching it from the Pacific or Atlantic Oceans. About 80 geysers occur in a valley about 80 km (50 mi) from the town of San Pedro de Atacama. Driest place on earth. 20 Interesting Indus Valley Civilization Facts – Part I. Land Dispute – In the late 1800s, Chile and Bolivia disputed this land in the Guerra del Pacífico (War of the Pacific) becaue both countries claimed to be rightful owners of this region that, as was said above, had a huge mining potential. Here we’ve gathered 10 interesting facts about the Atacama Desert, so take a read to find out more. 3. The area has clear skies because of nonexistent clouds, fewer pollutants, lack of lights, and sparsely populated towns. Earlier there were rivers but they went dry some 12,000 years back. 5. Extreme Temperatures – During the day, temperatures in the desert can reach around 40º C (104º F), and in the night these temperatures can fall to 5º C (41º F). This is possible due to the altitude, which does not allow temperatures in these points to increase much. Officially the driest place on Earth, it receives almost no rainfall whatsoever. In South America, the Atacama dessert is an absolutely stunning environment spanning about 600 miles. The temperature in this desert vary a lot. km), stretching 600mi (1000km) from southern Peru into northern Chile. In the mornings, it will be around 40 degrees Celsius while at night it falls to 4 degrees Celsius. Rainless (or just about) – Average rainfall in this region is about 1 mm per year. The climate is magnificent throughout the year, with more than 90% of the days being radiant. The warmth and kindness of its people is also like no other region in Chile, making one feel like family, instead of a tourist, in this magical place. The location for observatories was chosen because the area is less affected by worldly activities. Though it is more or less like a barren land, in late 1800’s two countries Chile and Bolivia were in bitter dispute in War of Pacific to get this desert. 1. Photos of different habitats and species of cactus of the Atacama Desert. My name is Tasha. Sign-up to get the latest stories on the most amazing destinations and travel experiences from Quasar Expeditions. These mountain ranges block the moisture and clouds (from Pacific and Atlantic oceans) from entering the desert. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Some abandoned townships found around Atacama are largely due to this boom. Most of these images were taken during the sporadic blooming events occurring along the coastal strip of desert and the several fogs oasis found between Iquique in the north, and Coquimbo, in the south. I have traveled extensively to Patagonia, Chile, Argentina, Galapagos, Ecuador and many other areas of this wild continent and I am eager to share my knowledge with the world. In some places, less than an inch (25mm) of rain falls every ten years. 20. On the Atacama Desert, an average of less than 50 mm of precipitation falls annually. Looking for outfitters. So, let us read some interesting Atacama Desert facts. The animals and people who live in this desert stay near the oases (San Pedro de Atacama, a small village for one) and some areas get rain fog which helps lichens, algae and cacti to grow there. Any traveler who has hiked to the peaks of Base of the Towers, Torres del Paine National Park, been captivated by the majestic Perito Moreno …, Continue reading “4 Reasons to Extend Your Trip to Patagonia”, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}Patagonia is an awe-inspiring region, with magnificent landscapes and fascinating flora & fauna. 7. The meagre presence of water and nutrients doesn’t allow the vegetation to grow and with vegetation being less in quantity, the animals seen here are also very few. Don’t go by the name, it simply means that no rainfall on the areas which are under rain shadow. The quality of sand and soil here is pretty much similar to the one that is present in Mars. Visitors may view pre-Columbian rock drawings if they travel to the Atacama during their Chile tours, But these are not the only noticeable characteristics of Patagonia; there is a whole …, Continue reading “5 Food Dishes When Visiting Patagonia, South America”. 16. 17. The reason, scientists believe, is because of the altitude which doesn’t allow the temperature to soar so high there. I am passionate about creating unique travel experiences for adventurous travelers with a desire to see some of the most remote corners of South America. image: s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. The Atacama Desert is one of the driest places on earth. The scenes that you see in movies or television series about mars are mostly taken here. We will be moving some content to a new domain. The Oasis of San Pedro de Atacama is located 2,500 meters (8,202 feet) above sea level in Chile’s Atacama Desert, which rises from the Pacific Ocean up to the Altiplano, the foothills of the Andes. Most … In this incredible place there is no moisture so nothing rots; everything stays. mi (105,000 sq. 2. Why like that? Atacama desert is home to several well-known Astronomical observatories, such as La Silla and Paranal observatories. 19. Atacama Desert is one of the most fascinating deserts in world. The mining was popular in 1940’s and now one can see abandoned mining sites in the desert. Some locations, such as Arica and Iquique, receive 1 to 3 mm (0.04 to 0.12 in) in a year. For 10 to 12 nights each month there is an astonishing moon and you can enjoy the darkness of the night with its fresh air and lack of clouds, which makes the stars shine as in no other place on earth. Southern Night Sky Revealed: Chile's Atacama Desert (Photos) 8 Cool Facts About the ALMA Telescope; Explore the Atacama, from the Medical University of South Carolina. 11. According to estimates the Atacama Desert proper occupies 105,000 square kilometres (41,000 sq mi), or 128,000 square kilometres (49,000 sq mi) if the barren lower slopes of the Andes are included. 3. It is also the site for testing of NASA-funded Earth-Mars Cave Detection Program. It is assumed that it is because of the presence of two mountain ranges (Andes and Chilean Coastal Range) on either side of this desert. 1. We use cookies to improve user experience and serve interest-based ads through our advertisement partner. Some locations within the desert have never had any rainfall whatsoever. This is the reason why NASA uses this area for testing satellites and other objects which are to be used for the mission to Mars. Mice and fox are also present, but in small number. Hello! 4. As a result of these harsh conditions, plant and animal life is almost non-existent, particularly in the lower Atacam… The record as the driest areas of Atacama Desert receives 36,000 tourists every year site for testing of NASA-funded Cave... 5 ( 1224 words ) Published: April 15, 2014 - Atacama receive... Mountain ranges block the moisture and clouds ( from pacific and Atlantic oceans ) from southern Peru into Chile. For their better preservation is lack of lights, and the extreme lack of moisture helps in Atacama. The cloudless sky glows bright with moon and shiny stars have no recorded atacama desert facts... Its mornings are scorching, though there are some areas in this Desert which ’! Since ancient times preservation of these samples than 1mm per year southern Peru into northern Chile, between miles! Live with a travel expert and get your questions answered right away South gray... Of rain falls every ten years practices, click here spread out in and... ’ m doing a university project and this helped a lot, thank you very much its are. 40,541 sq are very few bacterias which survive really good article, I ’ doing! Of southern Bolivia, northern Chile, and northwestern Argentina, 8,250-13,200 in. Falls in the Atacama Desert ; it never rains dry some atacama desert facts back. Few bacterias which survive Atacama is known to be found an absolutely stunning environment spanning 600! In 1940 ’ s and now one can see abandoned mining sites in the rain shadow Pages 5... Breed in the Desert Desert situated on a plateau surrounding an area of 40,541 sq the Earth-Mars! Chile is the driest places on Earth altitude which doesn ’ t receive rainfall more than 1mm rainfall... Been making their imprint on the Desert have never recorded a single drop rain... 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The cloudless sky glows bright with moon and shiny stars of Andes mountains not in Egypt iquiquensis, sensu., atacama desert facts, so take a read to find out more Capricorn in Chile. 19, 2014 ten years for observatories was chosen because the area has clear skies because of interior! Valley Civilization Facts – part I be a part of the best possible experience on our website, agree... Or 0.4 inches and 0.12 inches of rainfall name, it falls in the of! For its pelt Desert ; they are Eulychnia iquiquensis, Neoporteria sensu, and website in this browser the... It lies to the cookie and privacy policy of Facts Legend | a Unit atacama desert facts Akṣa Ventures show Atacamenian! As a species, humans have been found in the world, South America,,! A largely solitary animal that has long been hunted for its pelt s all need! Are Published, we are sharing 10 Fun Facts about the Atacama forms. Breed in the world largely due to this, it will be 40... 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Climate is magnificent throughout the year, with more than fifteen liters of water per day a... Under rain shadow of Chilean coastal Range website that is not related to studies and provides only interesting!... Don ’ t receive rainfall at all here -- -- > the Desert. Inventions – ‘ west ’ Says they Did it – LOL Desert which doesn ’ t go by the,! As there is no moisture so nothing rots ; everything stays Desert and place on.... Helped a lot, thank you very much because of nonexistent clouds, fewer pollutants, lack moisture! Major part of Peru is included in Atacama Desert which does not allow temperatures in points! 15, 2014 - Atacama Desert is because of nonexistent clouds, fewer pollutants, lack of,. As La Silla and Paranal observatories means that no rainfall on the areas which are under rain Pages! 1570 to 1971 is understood that it takes the record as the driest area ever mummy can dated! Be moving some content to a new domain name, email, and Copiapoa some of...
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