Ethiopia. In a recent tragic incident, the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission reported that at least 34 people were killed in a November 14 attack on a bus in Benishangul. War sometimes starts like clockwork but predicting the date on which a conflict will end often leads to disappointment. Citation Daley, B. ADDIS ABEBA – The Ethiopian government has issued on Thursday arrest warrants on 64 top officials of Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). By: Aly Verjee. Ethiopia has already reached the halfway mark on the 2020 target. USIP’s Aly Verjee and Susan Stigant discuss the crisis and identify what could be done to avoid further violent conflict in east Africa’s most populous country. 2 Dec 2020 Ethiopia and the United Nations have reached an agreement to channel desperately needed humanitarian aid to a northern region where a … As rising violence in Ethiopia threatens to pull neighboring Eritrea into the fray, USIP’s Susan Stigant says, “There is a real need for some external, independent investigator to help diffuse some of that escalation” and look into disturbing reports of human rights violations stemming from the conflict. Ethiopia has close historical ties to all three of the world's major Abrahamic religions.Christians form the majority of the population. Islam is the second most followed religion, with 33.9% of the population being adherents. Is the Nobel Peace Prize Brand Damage Reversible? Ambassador to Ethiopia Michael Raynor told journalists on November 19 that “another aspect of this is the Ethiopian government continues to articulate a vision of the military conflict coming to an end fairly soon, a week or two from now.”. A number of prominent political figuresand journalists were jailed before the Tigray conflict began, and more arrests of journalists have followed this month. Without much delay, discussions on the technical issues related to the dam’s construction, filling, and maintenance also started among Ethiopia, Sudan, and Egypt in November 2011, a few months before Hosni Mubarak’s government was overthrown in Cairo. In May, Amnesty International reported that at least 10,000 people had been “arbitrarily arrested and detained last year as part of the government’s crackdown on armed attacks and violence in Oromia Region,” and in July, that another 5,000 had been arrested following protests the previous month. January 13, 2020. As the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) militia and special forces learned that they are about to lose Maikadra town to the Ethiopian Defense Forces and Amhara region special forces – that rescued besieged Ethiopian Defense Forces following November 4 -, they massacred what is said to be now over 1000 unarmed civilians. Seemingly both regional governments, federal governments, and large swaths of the people galvanizing around the [federal] government.”. By Schams Elwazer. Addis Ababa May 22, 2020 CDC Ethiopia has invested more than $64 million to build the capacity of Ethiopia’s laboratories and health facilities to strengthen the country’s public health infrastructure over the past two decades. An adequate response necessitates efforts at reconciliation, justice, and inclusive dialogue. ... "They didn't see eye to eye on some issues, so it became difficult to … November 23, 2020. Replay. (Yasuyoshi Chiba/AFP/Getty Images) Even before the conflict with Tigray, there were more than 1.8 million internally displaced persons in Ethiopia. Apart from a five-year occupation by Mussolini's Italy, it has never been colonised. Beyond the national polls, each regional state of Ethiopia is also due to hold elections for their state legislatures. While in February 2020, the National Election Board of Ethiopia (NEBE) announced that elections would be held in August 2020, by the end of March, the Board had decided to indefinitely delay the elections because of the COVID-19 pandemic. The EU has provided Ethiopia with €815 million for the 2014-2020 budgetary period, plus more than €400 million from the EU Trust Fund for Africa, and senior officials in Brussels hope to use the EU’s financial weight as leverage to de-escalate the conflict. BY TAARIFA RWANDADecember 3, 2020 Ethiopia has the largest number of Read more. Press Substantial efforts are needed to reduce political tensions ahead of elections in 2021. National elections are overdue and are now expected to be held next year. Moreover, the federal government must soon confront an even bigger problem in 2021: how to conduct peaceful and credible elections. Ethiopia: Running On Fumes - Ethiopian Tourism in 2020. The second, more profound problem in conducting elections concerns broader needs for security, trust, reconciliation, and the ability of Ethiopians to freely engage in open political discourse, debate, and campaigning. Moreover, the federal government must soon confront an even bigger problem in 2021: how to conduct peaceful and credible elections. For their part, American officials have asserted that the conflict in Tigray has served to unite Ethiopians. USIP is closely following the effects of the novel coronavirus around the world and we’re particularly concerned about its effects in fragile states and conflict zones, which are especially vulnerable to the impacts of these kinds of outbreaks. As early as December 2018, a USAID pre-elections assessment found that “there is a lack of consensus about specific solutions and timing of reforms in relation to the election cycle, and that information about and support for the reforms is inconsistent. National elections are overdue and are now expected to be held next year. Therefore, as focused on their immediate objectives and consequently as reluctant to seek dialogue and compromise as they may be, the parties in conflict may find that a negotiated settlement may ultimately be the only realistic choice, if not imminently, then in the months ahead. Yet from the start of armed hostilities with the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed promised the conflict would be swift and decisive. As violence continues over control of the northern Ethiopian region of Tigray, Ethiopia’s future remains unsettled, even if the conflict ends soon. The polls are expected to be the first competitive elections since 2005 and raise fundamental questions about the future order of the Ethiopian state. This week, our Susan Stigant looks at what new challenges have emerged in the Horn of Africa since the outbreak began. Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EPHI) and CDC lab experts conducting a COVID-19 lab test at the EPHI Reference lab. Ethiopian PM issues 72-hour deadline for Tigrayan forces to surrender. Connect The TPLF has made counterclaims: that it inflicted significant casualties on federal forces in Raya and to have repulsed federal forces in Mehoni and Zalambessa. Analysis and Commentary. 13 July 2020 Exposed, silenced, attacked: failures to protect health and essential workers during the COVID-19 pandemic Research Ethiopia’s economy experienced strong, broad-based growth averaging 9.8% a year from 2008/09 to 2018/19, Ethiopia’s real gross domestic product (GDP) growth rebounded to 9% in 2018/19. These issues, their links to the Ethiopian economy, and their implications for economic growth, are the subject of this rapid, desk-based study. As violence continues over control of the northern Ethiopian region of Tigray, Ethiopia’s future remains unsettled, even if the conflict ends soon. 2.6% of the population (mainly in the far south and southwest) follow traditional religions; other religions (the Baháʼí Faith, Judaism, etc.) December 6, 2020. The TPLF has made counterclaims: that it inflicted significant casualties on federal forces in Raya and to have repulsed federal forces in Mehoni and Zalambessa. Reconciling the electoral process with efforts for reconciliation and national dialogue is now even more imperative. Unfortunately, violence has continued elsewhere in Ethiopia. As NEBE explained, several important preparatory tasks were unable to be completed in March, meaning that the crucial voter registration exercise, which was expected to register tens of millions of prospective voters, was unable to commence in April. Ethiopia is particularly vulnerable to the effects of zoonotic diseases, especially anthrax, brucellosis, and rabies. While some in the federal government have indicated that they would accept a refashioned TPLF led by moderates, external efforts to re-engineer the party may well be counterproductive and only risk further alienating some Tigrayan constituencies. Further, as the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs pointed out on November 20, “Humanitarian partners in Ethiopia are further concerned about the increasing report of violence in Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP) regions. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); window._taboola = window._taboola || []; Unfortunately, violence has continued elsewhere in Ethiopia. Even without the impact of COVID-19 and the situation in Tigray, Ethiopia’s next national elections are fraught with difficulty. Poverty results in problems in sanitation, access to water and health services, malnutrition, and land tenure which are detrimental to the majority of the population. In May, Amnesty International reported that at least 10,000 people had been “arbitrarily arrested and detained last year as part of the government’s crackdown on armed attacks and violence in Oromia Region,” and in July, that another 5,000 had been arrested following protests the previous month. 2301 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20037Tel: +1.202.457.1700, About Squaring the electoral preparations and timetable with a plan for reconciliation and national dialogue may thus be imperative for a peaceful future in Ethiopia. Only once these processes [of constitutional and electoral reform] are completed should an electoral timeline be consulted and announced, and preparations begin in earnest.”. As violence continues over control of the northern Ethiopian region of Tigray, Ethiopia’s future remains unsettled, even if the conflict ends soon. November 12, 2020. November 15, 2020. container: 'taboola-right-rail-thumbnails', Published. The reform process has been largely elite-driven and concentrated in Addis Ababa, and there is a lack of clarity on a specific road map to achieving the goals set out by the prime minister.” While there has been some important progress since that assessment was made, conducting elections in Ethiopia will be the largest democratic exercise in the country’s history; the technical challenges should not be underestimated and cannot easily be expedited. By. Publications Reconciling the electoral process with efforts for reconciliation and national dialogue is now even more imperative. The reform process has been largely elite-driven and concentrated in Addis Ababa, and there is a lack of clarity on a specific road map to achieving the goals set out by the prime minister.” While there has been some important progress since that assessment was made, conducting elections in Ethiopia will be the largest democratic exercise in the country’s history; the technical challenges should not be underestimated and cannot easily be expedited. More recently, NEBE has noted that the possibility of constitutional and electoral reform could also complicate the electoral calendar and has warned, “Preparations for electoral process based on [an] unstable timeline are not advisable. Residents in Ethiopia’s Oromia state have long claimed that contamination from a gold mine owned by an Ethiopia-born Saudi tycoon has led to health problems. However, at the end of October, NEBE proposed that the elections be held in late May or June 2021, contingent on beginning poll worker training in December and voter registration in January. Ethiopia’s Conflict: A War Won to Preserve the Nation-State. Search for experts, projects, publications, courses, and more. The incumbent, the opposition, legal scholars and political scientists took center stage. 149 Shares; Context and Updates on Current Issues in Ethiopia. The first problem is one of election administration, operations and reform: a rush to organize elections in early 2021, as some have suggested, may easily worsen the political situation across the country, as in such a limited time, elections are unlikely to be effectively administered. The nationwide protests by the Oromo people, the single largest ethnic group in both Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa, is a clear example of the atmosphere this systematic marginalization and failed government policies have created in … Squaring the electoral preparations and timetable with a plan for reconciliation and national dialogue may thus be imperative for a peaceful future in Ethiopia. Abiy’s new political vehicle, the Ethiopian Prosperity Party, is the national frontrunner, constructed from the former Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front ruling coalition, which was once led by the TPLF. }); © 2001 – 2020 Puntland Post. Despite limitations on independent reporting and the severing of most communications, the federal government has announced significant military advances, capturing a number of important towns and cities in Tigray, including Shire on November 17, Axum and Adwa on November 20, and Adigrat on November 21. placement: 'Right Rail Thumbnails', While some in the federal government have indicated that they would accept a refashioned TPLF led by moderates, external efforts to re-engineer the party may well be counterproductive and only risk further alienating some Tigrayan constituencies. USIP has a variety of newsletters and announcements with the latest analysis, publications and events. Blog, The United States Institute of Peace Legal and Privacy Information | FOIA Inquiries, Susan Stigant on Ethiopia’s Escalating Civil Conflict, What Ethiopia’s Brewing Conflict Means for the Country—and the Region, Ethiopia's Tigray Crisis: Why Nobel laureate Abiy Ahmed sent his troops to battle - BBC News, A Bold Peace Offensive To Engage North Korea - War on the Rocks, Ethiopian forces said to block refugees from entering Sudan - Associated Press, Tunisian labour union demands dialogue amid rising unemployment and unrest - The National. While the fighting of the last few weeks may have significantly degraded the TPLF’s military capacity, it is unlikely that the federal government can entirely subdue the TPLF as a political entity, which retains the support of a substantial number of Tigrayans. 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