On the contrary, dynamic efficiency takes into account the development of new products, processes, and capabilities. 3.8 . Water): Static Fan Efficiency (%): Brake Horsepower (HP): Air Density: Barometric Pressure (in Hg): Temperature … This should also include the velocity pressure on the inlet side (if known) that is constant and in-line with the fan. Fans use approximately 40% of all electricity in HVAC systems. In the same application, if you selected a less efficient fan with only 50% static efficiency, the calculation would indicate 63 HP, so you’d have to bump all the way up to a 75 HP motor to drive it. Static efficiency is efficiency in terms of the refinement of existing products, processes or capabilities. ‘fan static pressure’ (p sf) has been used to determine fan gas power in the efficiency equation for fan static efficiency; and (b) ‘fan total pressure’ (p f) has been used to determine fan gas power in the efficiency equation for total efficiency. Example of the way an array of measurements ... formula team ... of fan and radiator that will achieve appropriate cooling. Hello Sidhant, Your example;- 1mmwc = 9.8 Pa. so put 1Pa = 0.102 mmwc. Static Pressure - Sum of all the system resis-tances against which the fan must work, expressed in inches of H2O. The fan efficiency is the ratio between power transferred to airflow and the power used by the fan. A conversion constant is a number used to normalize equations containing varied units of measurement, in this case, CFM and in. efficiency of the fan or the static efficiency of the fan. Static efficiency is calculated using only static pressure. The fan efficiency is in general independent of the air density and can be expressed as: μ f = dp q / P (2) where. It indicates how much energy the motor will provide and how much energy the fan will consume given application-specific factors. For example, if you have an industrial fan that can achieve 80% static efficiency and you’re trying to move 20,000 CFM through 10 inches WG of resistance, a 40 horsepower motor would get the job done. Air Flow must be in m3/s, Pressure must be in Pascals, and … This peak total efficiency is used to determine the FEG value. You are getting confusions for change in unit from mmH2O to Pascal. 7.11 BHP 90 . For more information on fan static efficiency, check out these additional articles: We welcome comments and questions via our LinkedIn Page, and you can always Contact Us or Request a Quote for more details. The average total efficiency of all the fans was only 33% (Figure 1). Volume is the quantity or velocity of air, gas, and/or other materials moving through the fan as measured in cubic feet per minute (CFM). Achieving static efficiency may not be consistent with achieving dynamic efficiency. 1.7 . Static efficiency uses static pressure, which does not include the kinetic energy, to calculate the effi- ciency. so 102 value comes in numerator instead of denomenator. H2O): New Horsepower (HP): FAN APPLICATION FORMULAS Fan Brake Horsepower: Flowrate (CFM): Static Pressure at Discharge (in. 12 issues of the leading cement industry magazine, your choice of complimentary handbook, plus unlimited access to CemNet.com News, Articles and HD Videos. For a given point of operation (CFM and pressure) an FEG63 fan could consume less power than an FEG75 fan simply because it is selected closer to its peak efficiency point. efficiency = m3/s X 0.102 mmwc *100/( motor kw x motoe eff.) At this point the ratio of the output power of the fan (Volume flow (m 3 /s) x Static Pressure development (Pa) and the electrical power input (W) is at its greatest and the sound pressure being produced by the fan will be at its quietest. 3, Cement Plant Operations Handbook 7th Edition, Global Cement Trade & Distribution Handbook 2nd Edition, Cement Plant Environmental Handbook 2nd Edition, 8-11 February 2021, Cemtech Middle East & Africa Virtual Event, Selecting and using raw materials for cement manufacture, Alternative fuels for firing cement kilns, Global Cement Report 13, December 2019 Database. 8.30 . An axial fan is a type of fan that causes gas to flow through it in an axial direction, parallel to the shaft about which the blades rotate. is incorrect, because you need to divide a value expressed in mmwc by 0.102, to convert to Pascals, not multiply ! P AHP = q dp inWG SG / 6356 (1). Positive static pressure is created as a fan moves air through a system. Fig 2: FEG Curve. The peak total efficiency occurs at the top of the “bell” shaped efficiency curve. It can be found by multiplying the Mechanical efficiency by the ratio of the fan static pres-sure to the fan total pressure. 1. 75 . Fan efficiency metrics tend to be defined in terms of total pressure. The fan shaft passes through the core shaft for mechanical reasons. 1.0 $ Cost . Fan total efficiency is calculated using total pressure. Fans and Blowers Bureau of Energy Efficiency Figure 5.1 Centrifugal Fan Figure 5.2 Axial Fan Centrifugal Fan: Types The major types of centrifugal fan are: radial, forward curved and backward curved (see Figure 5.3). When calculating this, you will be able to determine the power that a fan requires theoretically, but you must be aware that the actual power that the fan requires (called brake horsepower) will always be greater than what you calculated simply because no fan can achieve perfect efficiency. Static Efficiency - Fan efficiency based on static pressure and fan brake horsepower at the same density. It is a measure of the total mechanical energy added to the air by the fan. Controlling Fans with Variable Loads 9. The curves are based on a specific set of conditions which typically include speed, volume, efficiency, static pressure and power required to drive the fan at the given set of conditions. For example, if you have an industrial fan that can achieve 80% static efficiency and you’re trying to move 20,000 CFM through 10 inches WG of resistance, a 40 horsepower motor would get the job done. CAN ANYBODY SHARE THE HOW TO DERIVE FAN EFFICIENCY FORMULA. 67 . 60” 49” 54” 54” 54” Impeller Dia . You can also use the fan static efficiency calculation to determine what type of industrial fan is optimal for your application. use the fan static efficiency calculation to determine what type of industrial fan is optimal for your application, connect with one of our application engineers, Industrial Fan Types and the Fan Static Efficiency Calculation, Choosing the Right Motor Speed for Your Industrial Fan. Fan static and total efficiency (Figure 1) can be plotted along with the fan pressure curves. Above and below the optimum range of operation the flow across the fan becomes noisier and the efficiency of the fan system decreases. In order to accurately determine the brake horsepower, you will have to test the fan. Figure 1 provides a typical illustration of fan curves. Notice that the 72-inch fan has the highest static efficiency which is the proper metric for nonducted applications. You can include thi… AHP can be expressed as. Only a minor share of the fans had … Total Pressure Versus Static Pressure. 1 cfm = 1.7m³/h. H2O): Existing Horsepower (HP): Existing Speed (RPM): New Speed (RPM): New Flowrate (CFM): New Static Pressure (in. Existing Static Pressure (in. Fan BHP = (cfm x static press "w.c.) / (6356 x fan efficiency) Fam Motor HP = fan bhp / motor efficiency Following are values from a propeller fan manufacturer's catalog for a particular fan: Static press. 56 . FLOW RATE 1 m3/s 1 m3/hr x 2118.9 x 0.58858 2118.9 CFM 0.5884 CFM VELOCITY 1 m/s x 32.8083 x 196.85 32.8083 ft / s 196.85 FPM PRESSURE 1 N/m2 x 0.00402264 x 0.00029530 … psF = fan static pressure, Pa pdF = fan dynamic/velocity pressure, Pa pd = system dynamic/velocity pressure, Pa V = velocity of air, m/sec PWL = sound power level Formulae 1 to 4 can be applied to any fan provided the diameter does not change. 1litre/s = 3.6m³/h. FEG . CalQlata has tried to keep the operation of this calculation option as simple as possible, given that it is recommended for general purpose calculations only and not for actual purchase specifications (see Fan Calculator – Technical Helpbelow). Generally, efficiency increases and fan size decreases as specific speed increases. The factor of 102 is used to convert mmWC into pascals because the formula for the static fan efficiency in SI units is;-Static Fan Efficiency = Volume (m3/s) * Pressure gain (Pa) / Power input (W) * 100. This is the useful work required from the fan. (7) ‘Static efficiency’ means the energy efficiency of a fan, based upon measurement of the ‘fan static pressure’ (p sf). The best forecast is that the target static efficiency for non-ducted fans will be 62% at the fan shaft, and the target total efficiency for ducted fans will be 68% at the fan shaft. The fan is designed to produce a pressure difference, and hence force, to cause a flow through the fan.Factors which determine the performance of the fan include the number and shape of the blades. In Sweden, ECiS AB (Energy Concept in Sweden) performed performance measurements of 767 fans in existing HVAC systems between the years 2005 and 2009. Brake Horse Power - BHP. Fan static efficiency is the measure of the airstream’s potential, or optimal energy consumption, as determined by the ratio of power output to the power supplied. ie. FANS AND BLOWERS Bureau of Energy Efficiency 87 6.1 Introduction This section describes the method of testing a fan installed on site in order to determine the performance of the fan in conjunction with the system to which it is connected. 1 90 . by time will give you the power. As explained by Ted ,I am only showing you an example for calculation in both the units and I hope you doubt will be clear. 6.1 . Note that the peak efficiency occurs at just one point on the curve and all other points on the curve have a lower efficiency. If the diameter does not change the fans must be geometrically similar. Air Horse Power - AHP. Use of diffusers Case study, final overview with cost c A No. The Fan Laws are a group of useful equations for determining the effects of a change in the speed, the diameter of the fan and the density of air in the system. Understanding Fan Static Efficiency Fan manufacturers typically provide static efficiency as the value of efficiency, while total efficiency includes the outlet velocity term. Using the formula, you’ll find that this fan will require about 19.7 horsepower, indicating a 20 horsepower motor, to reach the full performance potential of the volume to static pressure ratio. Page In both the cases the power is same , I dont think there is any confusions now. Second, as communicated earlier, the FEG value is based on the peak efficiency of the fan. ANSI/ASHRAE/IES 90.1-2013 requires fans have a fan-efficiency grade (FEG), as defined in AMCA 205, Energy Efficiency Classification for Fans, of 67 or higher. of (8) ‘Fa The higher the volume relative to static pressure, the more likely it is that you can select a high-efficiency fan. Senior Application Engineer Chet White explains how to calculate static efficiency and why it matters in this 2-minute whiteboard tutorial. re FAN EFFICIENCY FORMULA DERIVATION. Where: CFM = Fan flow rate, ft3/min Ps = Static pressure, in. 4.4 . Fan Drive Options 10. I TRIED A LOT BUT HOW 102 IS COMING IN DENOMINATOR ? The conversion constant for static efficiency is 6343. Founders’ Message: Quality of Work, Quality of Life, Stainless Steel Fan for Protein Rendering. wg BHP = Fan power input, hp . FEG Curve :Pressure Vs Airflow – Total Fan Efficiency. Static pressure indicates how much resistance the airflow needs to move through as measured in inches of water gauge (in. This equation can also be used for calculating hydrodynamic horsepower in a ducted flow. In the same application, if you selected a … Optimum fan efficiency 21 Witt&Sohn AG Oct-14 c. Use of diffusers Case study, fan selection for static pressure C: fan with diffuser Large distance to STALL Fan is operated at optimum efficiency Recommended selection 22 Witt&Sohn AG Oct-14 Optimum fan efficiency. WG). Configurations to Improve Fan System Efficiency 8. Know the answer to this question? Brake horse power - the actual power a fan requires … Some advanced engines have additional spools for sections of the compressor which provides for even higher compressor efficiency. Fan performance is often represented in the form of fan curves. Draft fan engineers are most familiar with this formula and use it frequently to rate a fan. But, if the pressure is measured in mmWC instead of Pascals and Power is expressed in kW, the formula can be derived as follows;- 1 mmWC = 9.81Pa. wg Pt = Total pressure, in. When you’re ready to start your project or update your maintenance program, reach out, and connect with one of our application engineers to discuss the details of your project. W.G). You can use the maximum static efficiency to determine the horsepower you need in your application. Fan noise 7/12/2000 11.3 Noise Comparison For lowest noise output, fans should always be operated near their peak efficiency point. Let us assume a fan having a flow of volume 16m3/sec and devlops a total pressure of 500 mmH2O. Note that the flow and pressure constants in the FEP formula (250 cfm and 0.4-in. P AHP = Air Horse Power (hp). Housed Centrifugal . The factor of 102 is used to convert mmWC into pascals because the formula for the static fan efficiency in SI units is;-, Static Fan Efficiency =  Volume (m3/s) * Pressure gain (Pa) /  Power input (W) * 100, But, if the pressure is measured in mmWC instead of Pascals and Power is expressed in kW, the formula can be derived as follows;-, Therefore 1Pa = 1/9.81 = 0.102 mmWC  (or, divide mmWC by 0.102 to get Pa), So, Static Fan Efficiency =  [Volume (m3/s) * Pressure gain (mmWC) / 0.102] /  [Power input (kW) * 1000] * 100, or  Static Fan Efficiency = [Volume (m3/s) * Pressure gain (mmWC)]  /  [Power input (kW) * 1000 * 0.102] *100, or  Static Fan Efficiency = [Volume (m3/s) * Pressure gain (mmWC)] *100 /  [Power input (kW) * 102], efficiency = m3/s X 0.102 mmwc *100/( motor kw x motoe eff.). Assuming 100% efficiency AHP is the power required to move a given air volume against a given pressure. Static efficiency is a ratio of the fan power output to the power supplied to the fan. Industrial Fans or Packers Fans: Which are Louder? Despite all the textbooks and handbooks, which describe the proper procedure for selection of fans, practice shows that fans in existing HVAC systems have very low total efficiency. pressure differential, respectively) effectively raise the power input allowed at lower flows and pressures. The flow is axial at entry and exit. It allows you to determine how much horsepower you need to achieve maximum static efficiency in your application based on volume, pressure. A test section that has the capability of interfacing with both the wind tunnel in the Thermal Science Lab and a radiator will be used to facilitate the necessary experiments. 6.8 13.4 6.87 . Fig 1: FEG Formula . WG. Why Fan Static Efficiency Matters. Radial fans are industrial workhorses because of their high static … ASHRAE Rocky Mountain Chapter “Things are not always as they seem; the first appearance deceives many.” - Phaedrus (Roman Poet) ASHRAE Rocky Mountain Chapter . Diagram of a pitot-static tube in a duct with air flow..... 18 Figure 9. But what constitutes good efficiency? Figure 8. FORMULA EQUIVALENT FPS UNITS LENGTH 1 m x 3.2802 3.2802 ft MASS 1 kg x 2.2046 2.2046 lbs TEMPERATURE 0o C 1.8 x oC +32 32o F FORCE 1 N x 0.22481 0.22481 lbs. The fan efficiency formula is in SI units. In Figure 2, fan static pressure and total efficiency is plotted along with the fan pressure curves. Our most efficient wheel, a backward-curved fan, can achieve 77-80 percent static efficiency. 1 mmWG = 9.81Pascals Fig 2shows the pressures through a fan, each of which is described below: Inlet Pressure; is the static pressure on the inlet side of the fan. They are most useful for determining the impact of extrapolating from a known fan performance to a desired performance. Fan total pressure is the total pressure (static pressure plus velocity pressure) at the fan outlet minus the total pressure at the fan inlet. This type of arrangement is called a two spool engine; one "spool" for the fan, one "spool" for the core. 1m³/s = 3600m³/h. This figure can be used to determine the most efficient size and type of fan for a particular application. Using the formula given by Ted as Watt = m3/sec x pressure (pa). Because it is based only on a fan’s impeller diameter and a single point of operation at peak total efficiency, FEG alone fails to provide a true indication of a fan’s actual power consumption. where . (Velocity pressure excluded). Join the community and register for a free guest account to post a reply. Technical; Useful Formulas; Useful Formulas. Static efficiency is the product of the volume and pressure you need in your application divided by the product of the conversion constant and horsepower, as follows: You can use the maximum static efficiency to determine the horsepower you need in your application. Horsepower is the measurement of energy in units of power. Using the formula given in books using mmH2O as pressure, Kw = (m3/sec x Pressure mmH2O)  /102  = 16 x 500 /102 = 78.4 Kw, 2. How does it impact your decisions and operations? Multiple-Fan Arrangements 11. Next Page >> ATEX Fans >> Conversion Factors. Both the formulas are used in SI units and in general the work done theory the amount of air handle by a fan against a pressure is called work done and dividing workdone q = air flow (cfm) SG = Specific Gravity Air (= 1.0) dp inWG = total pressure (in. 5. Study, final overview with cost c a No can ANYBODY SHARE the how to static. Fan will consume given application-specific Factors a number used to determine the value! % ( Figure 1 ) can be plotted along with the fan system decreases constants the. A reply, can achieve 77-80 percent static efficiency is efficiency in of! As the value of efficiency, while total efficiency is plotted along with the fan: Quality of,. 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